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The peacock - Wanted poster


Characteristics

Surname: Peacock
Latin name: Pavo
class: Birds
size: 2m (head-hull-length)
mass: approx. 2 - 6,5kg
Older: 10 - 30 years
Appearance: blue-green-gold plumage
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: predominantly herbivores (herbivor)
food: Flowers, fruits, insects, seeds, small vertebrates
distribution: Asia
original origin: India
Sleep-wake rhythm: daylight and dusk active
habitat: dense forests
natural enemies: Big cats (Leopard and Tiger)
sexual maturity: about the age of three
mating season: ?
breeding season: about 28 days
clutch size: 4 - 8 eggs
social behavior: Family Association
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.

Interesting about the peacock

  • The peacock is native to the countries of the Indian subcontinent, where it lives near waterholes in the deep jungle and feeds on fruits, flowers, seeds, insects and small vertebrates. For several thousand years, it has also been native to many other countries and climatic zones worldwide.
  • The peacock describes several genera of pheasant-like, the male specimens as the most striking feature have the feather tail in common.
  • The peacock, which is a member of the fowl family, is a highly habitat-oriented and trusting bird that many people like to keep as pets. Even in Africa and Europe peacocks today live in many gardens and public parks.
  • In tropical and subtropical countries, the peacock is a very popular bird, as it feeds on young snakes, among others.
  • Through domestication and breeding efforts emerged over the centuries with the White Peacock and the Blackwing Peacock two subspecies that differ only by the color of the plumage of the Asian peacock.
  • The high weight of the feather train makes it difficult for male specimens to fly. In case of danger, peacocks can only use their wings to flee to a tree or shrubbery or to rise up for a short time.
  • The dazzling effect and the strong luminosity of the plumage are not caused by color pigments, but by a thin layer of interference color. This is white light that appears colored by optical reflection and is trapped in tiny air chambers in the feathers. Had the peacock not these air chambers, his plumage would appear dark gray.
  • The magnificent feathers on the tail of the male peacock, which shimmer depending on the light in blue, green or gold and have large iridescent eye spots, form a train that can be up to one and a half feet long. The peacock beats the cap tail feathers into a wheel to attract females to the courtship or deter enemies.
  • As a polygamous bird, the male peacock mates several hens during its extensive, several months' courtship, taking care of their eggs and rearing the young ones alone.
  • The tail of the male peacock accounts for about three-quarters of the total body length of this bird.
  • If the wheel, which is intended to deter the predators by the threatening appearance of many eyes, does not show the desired effect, the male peacock moves its tail feathers up and down so fast that it produces a loud rattling noise.
  • The peacock is a very sensitive bird with a highly developed sense of hearing and smell, which recognizes the dangers of predators and the emergence of bad weather at an early stage and warns its conspecifics by a loud and piercing scream.