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Surname: Bearded dragon
Latin name: Pogona
size: 30 - 50cm
mass: 200 - 500g
Older: up to 20 years
Appearance: depending on the species
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: Omnivore (omnivor)
food: Leaves, fruits, seeds, insects, amphibians
original origin: Australia
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
habitat: Semi-desert, steppe, forest
natural enemies: Crocodile, snake, waran
sexual maturity: with the second year of life
mating season: ?
clutch size: 5 - 30 eggs
social behavior: Loners
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the bearded dragon
- The bearded dragons or Pogona describe a total of eight species encompassing within the scale animals, which are native to Australia.
- They reach body lengths of thirty to fifty centimeters and have a long tail, which accounts for much of the total length.
- Depending on the species, bearded dragons can reach a weight of up to half a kilogram.
- Bearded Dragons colonize different habitats in Australia. They are found in steppes and semi-deserts as well as in wooded areas and bush landscapes.
- They prefer a humidity of about forty percent and a temperature of thirty degrees Celsius.
- Characteristic are the exposed eardrum and several rows of spikes, which run along the base of the head, the flanks and the rear lower jaw and give the look of a beard.
- The bearded dragon can set up her beard by inflating the pharynx. This is done by contracting the musculature surrounding the hyoid bone.
- In some species, the spines also discolor noticeably when aroused.
- This occurs both during courtship, as well as to deter attackers or conspecifics that threaten the territorial claim.
- Depending on the species, bearded dragons are colored green, brown or gray and show a dark gray or black pattern.
- Not only her beard, but also other parts of her body can discolor with different mood changes. The color change also helps regulate body temperature.
- On the ground bearded dragons go on food, which consists of vegetable and animal food. They capture smaller vertebrates as well as invertebrates, but do not disdain leaves, fruits, seeds and flowers.
- They serve birds of prey, crocodiles and snakes as an important food source.
- The bearded dragon spends her rest periods on stumps and stems.
- Bearded dragons communicate with each other through head and arm movements. While arm waving signals inferiority, nodding generally shows dominance over competing males.
- After mating, the female lays up to thirty eggs in a pit. After about two months, the young lizards hatch, who immediately feed themselves with food.
- Bearded Dragons are often considered pets around the world as they can be uncomplicated to care for and can become very trusting.
- In human custody, they can reach a lifetime of up to twenty years.