3.1: Faculty Resources Overview - Biology

3.1: Faculty Resources Overview - Biology

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We’ve seen overwhelming demand for high quality, openly-licensed course materials, including supplemental resources to enrich teaching and learning and to make life easier for instructors. To support this need, we’ve developed and curated faculty resources to use with this course.

Free and Open Supplemental Materials

On the following pages, you will find supplemental resources that are freely available to use with the interactive learning materials for this course. Since these resources are openly licensed, you may use them as is or adapt them to your needs.

Additional Faculty Resources

Additional supplemental resources, learning tools, and support services are available to faculty who adopt Waymaker, OHM, or Candela courses with paid support from Lumen Learning. For many courses, these include some combination of summative assessments, answer keys, solutions manuals, or other materials shared only with authorized instructors in order to protect academic integrity.

Click here to learn more about additional instructor tools and resources available to faculty who adopt Lumen-supported courseware. Information about pricing and payment options is available on this page. Lumen’s low-cost support fees replace the cost of expensive textbooks and may be paid by students or by the institution directly.

Continuously Improving Learning Materials

Are you interested in collaborating with us to make these course materials better? We use learning data to identify where content improvements are needed, and then we invite faculty and subject matter experts to work with us developing continuous improvements aimed at increasing learning.

Learn more from this blog post, or sign up here to join our continuous improvement mailing list and stay up to date about upcoming OER hackathons and other continuous improvement activities.


The Department of Biology offers a four-year program leading to a Bachelor of Science in biology. The curriculum promotes an understanding of biology from molecules and cells to organisms, populations and ecosystems. Advanced courses allow students to explore a variety of areas of interest. The mission and objectives for the Biology major can be found here. Courses are small (typically no more than 32 students in a lecture section, 16 students in a lab section) and are taught by engaged, enthusiastic faculty members.

The Biology major provides a strong education in cell biology, organismal biology and scientific inquiry, with coursework in biology, chemistry, physics and mathematics. The department offers courses in foundational disciplines and in a variety of specialty fields. An introductory seminar provides exposure to various careers, opportunities and learning skills in biology and health fields. Students gain experience in finding and reading biological literature (published research studies) in an upper-level seminar, and scientific experimentation and communication are emphasized throughout the curriculum. Students majoring in Biology can, with one additional course, earn a minor in Chemistry.

Students interact through their coursework and through activities such as those sponsored by the Biology Club.

Biological Sciences

Welcome to the Biology Department at Kutztown University. We are located within the Boehm Science Center where our faculty members support and help students pursue a B.S. degree in Biology in one of 4 tracks within our program:

2) Molecular Biology, Microbiology and Cell Biology

3) Organismal Biology and Ecology

Our curriculum

The curriculum in each of our tracks provide students with a sound academic foundation in all Formal and Natural Sciences, including Mathematics, Physics, Chemistry, and of course, Biology. Students in our program learn about fundamental biological concepts and principles, scientific thinking and experiment design, as well become familiar with how Biology is learned from molecules to cells, to whole organisms, their ecology and that of their ecosystems thanks to well-equipped laboratory facilities.

Our affiliations & student resources

The Department provides many resources to help our students prepare for and obtain employment and careers in the life sciences after completing their degree. For example, we have affiliation agreements with the Philadelphia College of Osteopathic Medicine (PCOM), Lake Erie College of Osteopathic Medicine (LECOM), Palmer College of Chiropractic, and Alvernia University, which secure an interview and/or acceptance should a student meet academic and other defined criteria for the schools.

Please explore our pages to learn more about completing a major, or minor, in Biology.


The Career Development Center has numerous events and resources to help you create and reach your career goals.

Start by logging into Handshake to schedule a career coaching appointment!

Since its conception in 1992 following the merging of Botany and Zoology along with elements from Geography and Geology, the Department of Biology continues to thrive. Under the previous leadership, resources were provided to incumbent faculty and new faculty were recruited to provide a vibrant research-engaged learning environment for our students. Consequently, our students receive the latest information and research experiences to be competitive for the next phase of their careers.

As with any vibrant and large research-intensive learning program, sustained adequate funding for student stipends, teaching, and graduate fellowships is a huge challenge. Funding students’ assistantships and stipends benefits the Department in several ways: 1) increases student success following graduation 2) expands faculty research capacity and 3) allows for leveraging additional funding. Consequently, a major goal is to increase the Department’s budget such that we can provide every student that qualifies for assistantships and stipends to receive such funds. However, achieving this requires a team effort it requires, students, faculty, staff, community members, alumni, and friends to contribute time, effort, and funds. In the next several weeks we will be soliciting help from all our respective constituents in order to meet immediate Department budget needs as well as to establish an endowment fund as a perpetual source of Department operating funds.

It is an honor to be a part of the Bison community and the new Department Chair. I am following behind a long list of brilliant and accomplished Department leaders. However, I am confident that with the help of everyone (students, faculty, staff, alumni, community, and friends of the Department) we will be able to build on the legacy of previous leaders and continue to move the program forward.

Department of Biological Science

We view biology as a unified field that is best understood by examining how the various levels of organization, from the molecular to ecosystem level, function, interact and evolve. Our faculty strives to excel in their own research and to reach out to other sub-disciplines to obtain a broad perspective. These include integrating molecular biology, development, epigenetics and evolution to better understand the relationship between the genotype and phenotype the integration of neuroscience and ecology to understand behavior the integration of genomics, computational biology and phylogenetics to understand the diversity and history of life and the interaction of physics and chemistry to understand the structure of proteins. We regularly make use of the numerous centers of excellence at FSU including the National High Magnet Field Laboratory, our Molecular and Imaging Core facilities and the FSU Coastal and Marine Laboratory.

We believe that a deep understanding of the principles of biology provides the best foundation for any career in the life and health sciences. We offer a diverse undergraduate program that can be tailored for careers in biomedical sciences, biotechnology, neuroscience, as well as marine, conservation and environmental biology. We prepare students for a broad spectrum of graduate programs. We offer specialty programs in Computational Biology, Marine Biology and a variety of career tracks including pre-medical science and environmental biology. Professors welcome undergraduates into their laboratories for research opportunities and can provide the opportunity for students to publish scientific papers and present at scientific meetings. We offer a number of departmental scholarships aiding and rewarding undergraduate research and scholarship.

We offer MS and PhD programs in Cell and Molecular Biology, Ecology and Evolution, and Neuroscience. Our graduate students are supported year round by a combination of Research Assistantships, Teaching Assistantships and Fellowships. We offer an annual workshop to provide guidance for applying for fellowships, funds to travel to present at scientific meetings and numerous departmental scholarships for research. Our graduates successfully transition to postdoctoral fellowships, faculty positions at research universities and teaching colleges, and jobs in biotechnology and government agencies.


An introductory course for non-biology science majors. The topics include an introduction to basic chemistry of life, cell structure and function, metabolism, cellular respiration, photosynthesis, plant organization and growth, origin and evolution of life, ecosystems, and biosphere. (3-0-3)

Human organization, functions of various organ systems in humans, development, and inheritance. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1107

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 1108. (0-3-1)

Basic principles and concepts of biology, life and living organisms, basic and applied biology, and an overview of various disciplines of biology, including cell biology and genetics physiology developmental biology structural biology microbiology Marine Science environmental biology and genetic engineering/biotechnology.

Fundamentals of chemistry and their relation to the biological sciences and the responsibilities of professionals in these careers. This course includes discussions of the scientific method, ethics, critical thinking, and problem solving. (2-0-2)

Major issues facing man from philosophical, sociological, historical, ecological, and technological perspectives. (2-0-2)

Interdisciplinary study and applications of compounds in living organisms and their biochemical reactions. (2-0-2)

Physiological and emotional changes associated with aging. (2-0-2)

Procedures involved in urinalysis, hematology, blood-banking, parasitology, and tissue examination.

An introduction to general principles of plant life with special emphasis given to cellular organization, anatomy, physiology, inheritance, taxonomy, and modern aspects of plant science, such as plant biotechnology and genetic engineering.
Prerequisite: BIOL 2107, 2108

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3101.

Collection , identification, and classification of plants and plant-like organisms, including flowering and nonflowering plants, fungi, and algae. This course emphasizes local flora.
Prerequisites: BIOL 1108, 3101

Laboratory techniques for collection, classification, and field study of local plants.

Quality control, processing and handling, preservation, and applicable statues for quality.

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3200.

An overview of eukaryotic cells, with an emphasis on animal cells. Analysis of the anatomy and physiology of cells and subcellular components, including molecular biochemical and evolutionary perspectives.
Prerequisite: BIOL 2107, 2108 CHEM 1211, 1212

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3201.

A study of major phyla of invertebrate animals, morphology, physiology, life histories, and taxonomic relationships of selected representatives of groups and an intense survey of the morphology, taxonomy, physiology, behavior, and ecology of the chordates, with attention given to basic principles and theories.
Prerequisite: BIOL 2107, 2108

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3211.

Embryological development of vertebrates, including fertilization, cleaverage, and origin of organ systems, and molecular control mechanisms.

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3206.

The principles of genetic analysis and the nature of genes. Discussion of the chromosomal and the molecular basis of transmission, replication, mutation, and expression of heritable characteristics. Includes modern developments in genetics, such as the physical nature and fine structure of the gene, its relationship to proteins, protein synthesis, growth, and differentiation and regulation of gene function. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 1107, 1108 CHEM 3501

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3301. (0-3-1)

Introduction to origin, diversity, anatomy, and physiology of microorganisms principles of immunology environmental and applied microbiology. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: CHEM 3501

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3321. (0-3-1)

Mechanisms of evolution in relation to the genetics of plants, animals, and man speciation and natural selection ecological processes in the development, structure, and organization of biomes biogeography population ecology communities, and ecosystems species interactions and the evolution of behavior. (3-0-3)
Prerequisites: BIOL 1107, 1108

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3401. (0-3-1)

A study of incidence and prevalence of communicable and chronic diseases in the population. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3321

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3411. (0-3-1)

Ethological approach to animal behavior physiological, ontogenetic, and phylogenetic causes and adaptive significance of behavior are examined. Principles of animal behavior are studied, emphasizing social organization, communication, and genetic development. (3-0-3)
Prerequisites: BIOL 1107, 1108

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3501. (0-3-1)

Comparative studies of structures, from the cellular through the organismal levels, across the vertebrate phylum. Includes analysis of evolutionary changes and an analysis of human evolution. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3301

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3511. (0-3-1)

A detailed study of the structure and functions of the organs of the human body. The topics include levels of organization, support and movement, integration and coordination, transport, absorption, and excretion.
Prerequisites: BIOL 1107, 1108 (3-0-3)

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3515. (0-3-1)

An introduction to a broad range of computational tools and methods which can be used to solve biological problems. Emphasis on computational analysis of nucleic acid and protein structure, and structure-function relationships.
Prerequisite: BIOL 3301 CSCI 1130 (for biology students) BIOL 1107, 1108 (for computer students)

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3601. (0-3-1)

An introduction to a variety of environmental and occupational health hazards of an urbanized society. Topics covered include biological and health effects of environmental pollutants, disease vectors, food and housing sanitation, and principles of industrial hygiene. Social and psychological stresses as well as environmental health planning and management are discussed. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: Junior standing

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 3621. (0-3-1)

A course designed to promote responsible conduct of science. Topics covered include scientific integrity, misconduct in science, conflict of interest, plagiarism, informed consent, data management, animal welfare, laboratory safety, responsible authorship, intellectual property, and copy rights and patents as well as grantsmanship and peer review process. (0-3-1)
Prerequisite: Senior standing BIOL 4901

A study of vertebrate systemic physiological processes. Topics to be considered are bioenergetics, temperature regulation, endocrine control mechanisms digestive, urinary, cardiac, respiratory, excretory, and reproductive systems membranes and neurophysiology. (3-0-3)
Prerequisites: CHEM 3501 BIOL 3201

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4101. (0-3-1)

General principles of toxicology, testing procedures, target organs, toxic substances, and risk assessment. This course places emphasis on the mechanisms involved in chemical carcinogenesis, mutagenesis, and teratogenesis. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: Senior standing, BIOL 4651

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4201. (0-3-1)

Comparative anatomy, physiology, and endocrinology of male and female reproductive systems with emphasis on gametogenesis, early embryonic development, and mechanisms of birth control in humans. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: Senior standing

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4211. (0-3-1)

Structural and functional relationships in microorganisms regulation of the synthesis of macromolecules intermediator metabolism microbial biotechnology. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3321

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4221. (0-3-1)

Ecology, physiology systematics, development of microfungi and organisms of general, industrial, and economic importance. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3101, 3222, 3321

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4270. (0-3-1)

An overview of principles and techniques involved in biotechnology. The impact of biotechnology on mankind, with reference to its applications in agriculture, medicine, horticulture, forestry, fisheries, and environmental protection is discussed. (3-0-3)
Prerequisites: BIOL 3301, 3201

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4301. (0-3-1)

A basic understanding of molecular biology and its applications. Basic principles of recombinant DNA technology, its relevance to genetic engineering, and its use in basic and applied biology is discussed. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 4301

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4411. (0-3-1)

An indepth examination of concepts and principles of genetic engineering technology. Molecular mechanisms of gene transfer, integration, and expression of foreign genes in target tissues/organisms is discussed. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 4411

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4412. (0-3-1)

The principles and techniques involved in plant and animal cell/tissue culture and regeneration of organs and organisms (plants). Commercial applications of tissue culture technology, other applications (e.g., rescue of endangered species, environmental protection, etc.), and use of this technology in basic research is discussed. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 4301

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4501. (0-3-1)

The structure and function of ecosystems with regard to energy flow nutrient cycling, population growth and regulation, and community organization and dynamics. Man's impact on biosphere and resulting social problems. Laboratory and field studies. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3401

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4511. (0-3-1)

Biological properties of viruses techniques of isolation, cultivation and propagation involvement of viruses in health and diseases regulation of viral products. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3321

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4621. (0-3-1)

Physiology of the endocrine glands and their control of metabolism and reproductive cycles. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3201, 4101

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4631. (0-3-1)

General principles of parasitism classification, morphology, and life cycle of parasites of vertebrates immunoparasitology. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3321

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4641. (0-3-1)

Elementary biological chemistry emphasizing intermediary metabolism, and regulation of metabolic pathways. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: CHEM 3501 BIOL 3201

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4651. (0-3-1)

An introduction to the study of insects, their structure, life cycle, ecology, and identification and their ability to transmit disease pathogens. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3321 CHEM 3501 or the approval of the instructor

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4661. (0-3-1)

A study of physiological functions of green plants with emphasis given to physical and chemical basis of the physiological processes. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3101 CHEM 3511

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4671. (0-3-1)

Introduction to the study of infection and immunity in disease, cell-mediated and humoral immunity, immunological methods, and immunochemistry. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3321

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4681. (0-3-1)

A study of molecular basis of inheritance with emphasis given to the chemical nature of the gene, DNA replication, transcription, translation, and regulation of gene express. The practical aspects include gene cloning, sequencing, and other recombinant techniques. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: BIOL 3301

Practical laboratory exercises in gene cloning, sequencing and other recombinant DNA techniques. (0-3-1)

Detailed analysis of structure and ultrastructure of the cell biochemistry, biophysics, physiology, and molecular genetics. (3-0-3)
Prerequisite: CHEM 3501, BIOL 3201

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4711. (0-3-1)

A study of the anatomical, biochemical, and physiological adaptation of plants and animals to specific environments. Emphasis on physiological problems faced by organisms common to the local salt marsh and marine environments. Design and completion of individual research projects, including data analysis and presentation. (3-0-3)
Prerequisites: CHEM 3501 MSCI 3111 or BIOL 3401 MSCI 3401

Lab taken concurrently with BIOL 4721. (3-0-3)

Instruction on interpretation and presentation of topics in biology. Students research topics and deliver presentations on those topics. (0-3-1)
Prerequisite: Completion of 3000 level of core curriculum

Laboratory techniques for applied industrial microbiology. (0-3-1)

A research project, under faculty supervision, that includes researching the background on a given problem, defining an hypothesis, and planning and executing experiments. A written report/manuscript and oral presentation are required. (2-0-2)
Prerequisite: Completion of 3000 level of core curriculum

A review of the major principals in biology Course will include discussions on the interactions between the biological sciences and society. The Exit Exam for majors will be administered during this course. Students must earn a passing grade on the exit Exam to complete this course. (2-0-2)
Prerequisites: Completion of 3000 level core curriculum

Biological Sciences Sample Schedule

This is a sample schedule of how one could arrange a well-balanced curriculum for a major in Biological Sciences. We recommend students enroll in no more than 6 - 8 credits of science/math each term. Also, make sure to balance all labs across several terms.

Please note: The following schedule is only a suggestion for completing a major in Biological Sciences. There are many other ways to organize the courses. You should work with one of our Biological Sciences Advisors to create a plan suitable for you and your specific educational plans.

Year One

Fall Semester

Spring Semester

Year Two

Fall Semester

Spring Semester

Year Three

Fall Semester

Spring Semester

*Not required for major. Only if applying to medical, dental, physical therapy, optometry, or (some) veterinary schools.

Western Illinois University

"My time in the program (MS, 1996) was vital in my development as a young scientist and educator. The faculty, the multidisciplinary curriculum, and the interaction with fellow graduate students fostered my own skills and provided me a better appreciation of all fields of biological sciences. The focus on a core curriculum at the graduate level is a central factor in consistently producing quality young scientists with diverse career opportunities. I believe strongly in the Biological Sciences program and am proud to have been able to continue my association with the program into my professional career." – Brian L. Sloss, PhD, USGS–Wisconsin Cooperative Fishery Research Unit, College of Natural Resources, University of Wisconsin–Stevens Point

Program Overview

Biology is one of the most basic fields of science with direct application to humans. Our continued existence on the planet Earth will depend on how we resolve biological problems. Biology ranges in scale from biochemical processes inside individual cells to complex multicellular organisms to populations of organisms to ecosystems to the entire planet. A Master of Science in Biology allows our graduates to pursue careers in health care, biotechnology, conservation, government agencies, education, and a wide range of other fields.

Courses are offered in Macomb, the Quad Cities and the Alice L. Kibbe Research Station.

Why Choose Biology at WIU?

Small classes, high teacher:student ratio, lots of hands on learning (laboratories, etc.), wide range of subjects (botany, microbiology, zoology), excellent research opportunities.

Why Study Biology at Eastern?

We are committed to excellence and student success.

Research Opportunities

Work with our excellent faculty to conduct important and meaningful research.

Hands-On Experience

Get your hands dirty in one of our labs as you study biology.

Excellent Job Opportunities

Our graduates have a great record of finding employment soon after graduation.

Online Information Resources

Campus wide information services are co-ordinated and supported centrally by the University Library, which gives access to online databases and journals, subject gateways etc.

With regard to its monographic collections, the Library is, in principle, a single copy library. Additional copies may be acquired where a particular text is heavily used or where heavy demand is anticipated.

Cambridge libraries

Information on Cambridge Libraries can be found here.

Electronic resources

An increasing number of journals are available in electronic format. These are noted in the Union List of Serials, but the University Library website includes a consolidated list of the full text electronic journals which are currently available, free of charge, throughout the University.

Access and passwords

Many of the networked electronic services are made available within the "cam" domain, via IP address recognition, so you will not normally be prompted for a password. Off-campus access is restricted to current staff and students of the University of Cambridge through Raven password.

Recommended Bibliographic Services

  • 2 million+ full text, peer reviewed published journal articles covering all fields of biomedical and health research (the UK PubMed Central repository)
  • 25 million+ PubMed and PubMed Central abstracts
  • National Health Service (NHS) clinical guidelines
  • UK biomedical and health PhD theses
  • European Patent Office Patents, Agricola, Chinese Biological Abstracts and Citeseer databases

A broad based index to the international journal literature of science and technology. Includes references to articles, editorials, letters and reviews. Abstracts to many items are included from 1992.

Non journal material, such as conference reports, books, reports or dissertations, are not included, so it is unwise to rely solely on the Citation Index without also consulting Medline or BIOSIS.

Citation searching is a unique and valuable feature of the Web of Knowledge databases. Citation searching is a method of looking for information on a particular subject, which is not dependent upon the use of keywords. You start with an article, which you know to be central to the development of a topic, and trace all the later references that cite the article you started with. The real value of this is that if there is a field in which a crucial contribution occurred in, say, 1987, you can look to see what papers published since that time have cited that 1987 paper, ie how the subject has moved on since that 1987 paper.

An important point to bear in mind is that different authors may cite the same article in different ways and that the actual relationships of the papers can only be judged by reading the full text.

A commercially produced biomedical index, including EMBASE and MEDLINE Covers around 3,500 journals. Embase is particularly strong in coverage of drug research, pharmacology and toxicology. Like Medline, Embase has its own thesaurus, EMTREE, to assist searching.

You've been given (or you have found) a reference how do you find the book or article?

Having found a list of useful references, you will then need to find out whether they are available in Cambridge.

This page provides links to the Cambridge University Library online catalogues Newton, Janus etc which include listings of book and journal holdings of all the University’s libraries

The page also provides links to other major academic and national library catalogues, such as those of the British Library, Library of Congress and the Consortium of University Research Libraries. If an item is not apparently held by the University you can still request it through Inter Library Loan at The Betty and Gordon Moore Library or at certain departmental libraries.

Watch the video: Notes for IB Biology Chapter (August 2022).