The moderate zoneoften referred to as temperate latitudes, is a climatic zone between the subtropics and the subpolar zone. This corresponds approximately to the areas between the 40th and 60th parallel. Due to the division of the continents, the majority of this climate zone is located in the northern hemisphere. Germany is also in this climate zone. In the southern hemisphere, there are significant areas only in South Australia, South Africa and the west side of South America. The annual average temperature is between 7 ° C and 12 ° C.
The temperate zone is divided into two subzones:
Hot tempered / nemoral zone: moderate temperatures. Mixed forests (lat. Nemos = forest) determine the vegetation. In the northern hemisphere, the nemoral zone lies south of the boreal zone.
Cold tempered / boreal zone: extremely cold winters and warm summers, with only short growing seasons (about 3-5 months). Boreal coniferous forests (lat. Borealis = north) as the dominant form of vegetation.
Extension of the Moderate Zone:
Characteristics of the temperate zone:
nemoral and boreal zone, each with typical vegetation
Seasonal climate, i. Clear seasons are recognizable
High temperature fluctuation possible (winter -30 ° C & summer + 30 ° C)
Vegetation: deciduous forests / coniferous forests / mixed forests
year-round precipitation (the further inland, the less)
Annual average temperature about 10 * C
Continental climate, oceanic climate or transitional climate possible
Hot summers and cold winters (typical continental climate)