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Surname: St. Bernard
Alternative names: St. Bernard dog
Original origin: Switzerland
FCI group: Pinscher and Schnauzer
size: up to 90cm
size: up to 80cm
Mass () : 70 - 90kg
Mass () : 65 - 85kg
Life expectancy: 4 - 9 years
litter size: 6 - 10
coat color: white, reddish brown
coat type: smooth
coat length: medium in length
Character / essence: calm, watchful, friendly
attitude: needs a lot of exercise
Saint Bernard - introduction information
Of the St. bernard is now revered as a national dog in his country of origin Switzerland. The name of this gentle giant derives from a medieval Augustinian hospice located on the Great St. Bernard, where the monks bred similar dogs as early as the 11th century. Thus, the St. Bernard is considered one of the oldest dog breeds in Europe. The first written mention of companion dogs, which are considered direct ancestors of today's Bernhardiners, date from the early 17th century. These dogs were kept to accompany and protect travelers and pilgrims on their mountain trails through snow and cold. After several breeding lines, the St. Bernard was recognized in 1887 as an independent breed. The Saint Bernard owes its high profile as an avalanche dog to the rescue dog Barry, who was said to have saved the lives of around forty people in the 19th century. Today, only a few specimens of this breed are working as rescue dogs, as their physique has become too heavy for the activity in the mountains over the decades due to breeding.
Depending on the sex, the St. Bernard can reach a shoulder height of up to 90 centimeters and a body weight of up to 90 kilograms. Characteristic is its medium-length, appearing in white-red panels coat, red dominating the area of the back, hind legs, ears and cheeks, white on the forehead, tail tip, stomach, chest and forelegs. He has a muscular body and a strong distinctive skull with high overhead and half-length hanging ears.
The Saint Bernard is characterized by his good-natured and gentle nature, which makes him an ideal family dog. He is affectionate and warm to children and has a balanced and self-assured character. He is extremely loyal and with his strong protector instinct a talented watchdog. Only a consistent education, which should start in the puppy age, ensures that he becomes aware of his irrepressible power and does not lose control over it. Contrary to his reputation, the St. Bernard is a pronounced bundle of energy and very lively. Therefore, regular attention and daily discharge must always be respected. As he occasionally likes to stay in a cooler retreat, he is only suitable for keeping in a house with a large garden. He should, however, be allowed to spend a lot of time with his family because he is very affectionate and, when left alone or locked out, feels lonely quickly.